Vocabulary

Things, Objects

 
 
 
 

Pictures

    1. Activities, I
    2. Activities, II
    3. Aircraft
    4. Animals, one
    5. Animals, two
    6. Animals, three
    7. Animals, four
    8. Art, I
    9. Art, II
    10. Art, III
    11. Arts and Entertainment, I
    12. Arts and Entertainment, II
    13. Arts and Entertainment, III
    14. Behaviors, one
    15. Behaviors, two
    16. Behaviors, three
    17. Behaviors, four
    18. Body Parts, one
    19. Body Parts, two
    20. Buildings, Great, I
    21. Buildings, Great, II
    22. Business, one
    23. Business, two
    24. Business, three
    25. Cars
    26. Cartoons
    27. Celebrations and Festivities, 1
    28. Celebrations and Festivals, 2
    29. Celebrities and Famous People
    30. Chinese Culture, 1
    31. Chinese Culture, 2
    32. Clothing
    33. Comics
    34. Companies, Large, one
    35. Companies, Large, two
    36. Companies, Large, 3
    37. Companies, Large, 4
    38. Companies, Mid-Sized, 1
    39. Companies, Mid-Sized, 2
    40. Companies, Office, one
    41. Companies, Office, two
    42. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 1
    43. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 2
    44. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 3
    45. Daily Routines, one
    46. Daily Routines, two
    47. Emotions
    48. Fairytales
    49. Folk Tales
    50. Food, one
    51. Food, two
    52. Food Supply
    53. Games
    54. Geographical Features
    55. Great Britain, one
    56. Great Britain, two
    57. Hobbies, one
    58. Hobbies, two
    59. Houses in General
    60. Houses, Interior of, one
    61. Houses, Interior of, two
    62. Houses, Traditional, Folk
    63. Life Stages, I
    64. Life Stages, II
    65. Mexico
    66. Middle-Eastern Culture, 1
    67. Middle-Eastern Culture, 2
    68. Monuments and Landmarks
    69. Pastimes
    70. Professional Jobs, I
    71. Professional Jobs, II
    72. School, one
    73. School, two
    74. Skilled Work, one
    75. Skilled Work, two
    76. Skilled Work, three
    77. Small Business, one
    78. Small Business, two
    79. Sports, Competitive, I
    80. Sports, Competitive, II
    81. Sports, Recreational
    82. Superheros
    83. Superheroes, Marvel
    84. Television
    85. Travel, Tourism, Vacation, 1
    86. Travel, Tourism, Vacation, 2
    87. United States, one
    88. United States, two
    89. United States, three
    90. United States, four
    91. United States, five
    92. United States, six
    93. Unskilled Labor
    94. Vendors
    95. Weather and Seasons

 

 

    1. Anatomy, I
    2. Anatomy, II
    3. Body: Head, Face
    4. Body: Face
    5. Body: Torso, Limbs, I
    6. Body: Torso, Limbs, II
    7. Body; Physical Adjectives
    8. City; Buildings, Streets
    9. City; Areas, Districts, Facilities, 1
    10. City; Areas, Districts, Facilities, 2
    11. City; Shops, Restaurants, Clubs
    12. Computer Games, I
    13. Days of the Week
    14. Disasters; Natural, Man-made
    15. Earth
    16. Food
    17. Fruits
    18. Furniture
    19. Geography, Geology
    20. House; Rooms
    21. House; Living Room, Furniture
    22. House; Kitchen, Bathroom
    23. Jobs; in General
    24. Jobs; Unskilled
    25. Jobs; Semi-Skilled, Skilled
    26. Jobs; Business, Offices, Shops
    27. Jobs; Education, Science, Sports
    28. Jobs; Art, Media, Government
    29. Office, The
    30. Transportation I
    31. Transportation, II
    32. Transportation, III
    33. Vegetables
    34. Water, Bodies of
    35. Weather

 

 

 

 

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Vocabulary

 

Vocabulary is the total number of words in a language. It is also the collection of words a person knows and uses in reading, listening, speaking and writing.

The vocabulary of a language continually grows and evolves as the world changes and becomes more complex.

Word Origins

Throughout history, words have entered English from many other languages. These include Greek, Latin, Arabic, Danish, French, German, Hindi, and Nahuatl.

For example, we get (the word) alcohol from Arabic, chocolate from Nauatl, and pajamas from Hindi.

Pancakes

Often base words combine to form new words, such as skyscraper and pancakes. Words have been shorted too, as in the case of fax from facsimile.

Basic, everyday words however have remained largely unchanged over the centuries: woman, man, sun, hand, love, go, and eat.

One Million Words

With about one million words, English has the largest vocabulary of any language. That’s quite a vocabulary to master!

The good news for language learners is that the vast majority of those words are technical, scientific, or arcane — ones that are seldom heard outside their fields.

The Top 1,200

In fact 90% of all communication in English (or indeed in any language) consists of only 1,200 of the most common words. This covers every setting from work and school, to recreation, radio and television.

In other words, if you master the top 1,200 words, you will have laid the foundation of a new language. You can accomplish this in about in about 4 to 8 months, if you learn 5 to 10 new words a day.

The Top 1,200 to 4,000

To understand 95% of English usage, you need to go up to the 4,000 most frequently used words. By doing so, you could then comprehend most newspaper and magazines articles. It would also enable you to conduct business and engage in academic discourse.

The best ways to boost your vocabulary is reading good books, magazines, and newspaper articles. You should always have a good dictionary handy to look up words you aren’t sure of.

See VOCABULARY AND SUCCESS.

* * * * * *

1. The vocabulary of English and other languages remains static, not changing. True or false?
2. Do many words in English have foreign origins? If yes, give examples. How did they get there?
3. Are there words in English from your language? How did they get there?
4. Have you heard of the 80/20 Rule, or the Pareto Principle? How would a variation of this apply here?
5. With this in mind, what should beginning language learners strive to do?

See 80-20 RULE.

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