Vocabulary

Things, Objects

 
 
 
 

Pictures

    1. Activities, I
    2. Activities, II
    3. Aircraft
    4. Animals, one
    5. Animals, two
    6. Animals, three
    7. Animals, four
    8. Art, I
    9. Art, II
    10. Art, III
    11. Arts and Entertainment, I
    12. Arts and Entertainment, II
    13. Arts and Entertainment, III
    14. Behaviors, one
    15. Behaviors, two
    16. Behaviors, three
    17. Behaviors, four
    18. Body Parts
    19. Buildings, Great, I
    20. Buildings, Great, II
    21. Business, one
    22. Business, two
    23. Business, three
    24. Cars
    25. Celebrities and Famous People
    26. Chinese Culture, 1
    27. Chinese Culture, 2
    28. Clothing
    29. Comics
    30. Companies, Large, one
    31. Companies, Large, two
    32. Companies, Large, 3
    33. Companies, Large, 4
    34. Companies, Mid-Sized, 1
    35. Companies, Mid-Sized, 2
    36. Companies, Office, one
    37. Companies, Office, two
    38. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 1
    39. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 2
    40. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 3
    41. Daily Routines, one
    42. Daily Routines, two
    43. Emotions
    44. Food, one
    45. Food, two
    46. Food Supply
    47. Games
    48. Geographical Features
    49. Great Britain, one
    50. Great Britain, two
    51. Hobbies, one
    52. Hobbies, two
    53. Houses in General
    54. Houses, Interior of, one
    55. Houses, Interior of, two
    56. Houses, Traditional, Folk
    57. Life Stages, I
    58. Life Stages, II
    59. Mexico
    60. Monuments and Landmarks
    61. Pastimes
    62. Professional Jobs, I
    63. Professional Jobs, II
    64. School, one
    65. School, two
    66. Skilled Work, one
    67. Skilled Work, two
    68. Skilled Work, three
    69. Small Business, one
    70. Small Business, two
    71. Sports, Competitive, I
    72. Sports, Competitive, II
    73. Sports, Recreational
    74. Superheros
    75. Television
    76. Travel, Tourism, Vacation, 1
    77. Travel, Tourism, Vacation, 2
    78. United States, one
    79. United States, two
    80. United States, three
    81. United States, four
    82. United States, five
    83. United States, six
    84. Unskilled Labor
    85. Vendors
    86. Weather and Seasons

 

 

    1. Anatomy, I
    2. Anatomy, II
    3. Body: Head, Face
    4. Body: Face
    5. Body: Torso, Limbs, I
    6. Body: Torso, Limbs, II
    7. Body; Physical Adjectives
    8. City; Buildings, Streets
    9. City; Areas, Districts, Facilities
    10. City; Shops, Restaurants, Clubs
    11. Computer Games, I
    12. Disasters; Natural, Man-made
    13. Earth
    14. Food
    15. Fruits
    16. Furniture
    17. Geography, Geology
    18. House; Rooms
    19. House; Living Room, Furniture
    20. House; Kitchen, Bathroom
    21. Jobs; in General
    22. Jobs; Unskilled
    23. Jobs; Semi-Skilled, Skilled
    24. Jobs; Business, Offices, Shops
    25. Jobs; Education, Science, Sports
    26. Jobs; Art, Media, Government
    27. Office, The
    28. Transportation I
    29. Transportation, II
    30. Transportation, III
    31. Vegetables
    32. Water, Bodies of
    33. Weather

 

 

 

 

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Vocabulary

 

Vocabulary is the total number of words in a language. It is also the collection of words a person knows and uses in reading, listening, speaking and writing.

The vocabulary of a language continually grows and evolves as the world changes and becomes more complex.

Word Origins

Throughout history, words have entered English from many other languages. These include Greek, Latin, Arabic, Danish, French, German, Hindi, and Nahuatl.

For example, we get (the word) alcohol from Arabic, chocolate from Nauatl, and pajamas from Hindi.

Pancakes

Often base words combine to form new words, such as skyscraper and pancakes. Words have been shorted too, as in the case of fax from facsimile.

Basic, everyday words however have remained largely unchanged over the centuries: woman, man, sun, hand, love, go, and eat.

One Million Words

With about one million words, English has the largest vocabulary of any language. That’s quite a vocabulary to master!

The good news for language learners is that the vast majority of those words are technical, scientific, or arcane — ones that are seldom heard outside their fields.

The Top 1,200

In fact 90% of all communication in English (or indeed in any language) consists of only 1,200 of the most common words. This covers every setting from work and school, to recreation, radio and television.

In other words, if you master the top 1,200 words, you will have laid the foundation of a new language. You can accomplish this in about in about 4 to 8 months, if you learn 5 to 10 new words a day.

The Top 1,200 to 4,000

To understand 95% of English usage, you need to go up to the 4,000 most frequently used words. By doing so, you could then comprehend most newspaper and magazines articles. It would also enable you to conduct business and engage in academic discourse.

The best ways to boost your vocabulary is reading good books, magazines, and newspaper articles. You should always have a good dictionary handy to look up words you aren’t sure of.

See VOCABULARY AND SUCCESS.

* * * * * *

1. The vocabulary of English and other languages remains static, not changing. True or false?
2. Do many words in English have foreign origins? If yes, give examples. How did they get there?
3. Are there words in English from your language? How did they get there?
4. Have you heard of the 80/20 Rule, or the Pareto Principle? How would a variation of this apply here?
5. With this in mind, what should beginning language learners strive to do?

See 80-20 RULE.

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