Vocabulary

Things, Objects

 
 
 
 

Pictures

    1. Activities, I
    2. Activities, II
    3. Advertisements
    4. Aircraft
    5. Animals, one
    6. Animals, two
    7. Animals, three
    8. Animals, four
    9. Art, I
    10. Art, II
    11. Art, III
    12. Arts and Entertainment, I
    13. Arts and Entertainment, II
    14. Arts and Entertainment, III
    15. Behaviors, one
    16. Behaviors, two
    17. Behaviors, three
    18. Behaviors, four
    19. Body Parts, one
    20. Body Parts, two
    21. Buildings, Great, I
    22. Buildings, Great, II
    23. Buildings, Great, III
    24. Buildings, Great, IV
    25. Buildings, Great V
    26. Business, one
    27. Business, two
    28. Business, three
    29. Cars
    30. Cartoons
    31. Celebrations and Festivities, 1
    32. Celebrations and Festivals, 2
    33. Celebrities and Famous People, 1
    34. Celebrities and Famous People, 2
    35. Christmas Celebrations, 1
    36. Christmas Celebrations, 2
    37. Chinese Culture, 1
    38. Chinese Culture, 2
    39. Clothing
    40. Comics
    41. Companies, Large, one
    42. Companies, Large, two
    43. Companies, Large, 3
    44. Companies, Large, 4
    45. Companies, Mid-Sized, 1
    46. Companies, Mid-Sized, 2
    47. Companies, Office, one
    48. Companies, Office, two
    49. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 1
    50. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 2
    51. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 3
    52. Daily Routines, one
    53. Daily Routines, two
    54. Dishes, Lunch and Dinner, 1
    55. Emotions
    56. Fairytales
    57. Folk Tales
    58. Food, Breakfast
    59. Food, Shopping
    60. Food, Preparation
    61. Food Condiments
    62. Food Supply
    63. Food, Dishes
    64. Fruits, one
    65. Fruits, two
    66. Furniture, Household
    67. Games
    68. Geographical Features
    69. Great Britain, one
    70. Great Britain, two
    71. Hobbies, one
    72. Hobbies, two
    73. Household Appliances, Items
    74. Houses in General
    75. Houses, Interior of, one
    76. Houses, Interior of, two
    77. Houses, Interior of, three
    78. Houses, Traditional, Folk
    79. Life Stages, I
    80. Life Stages, II
    81. Mexico
    82. Middle-Eastern Culture, 1
    83. Middle-Eastern Culture, 2
    84. Monuments and Landmarks
    85. Music and Singing
    86. Pastimes
    87. Professional Jobs, I
    88. Professional Jobs, II
    89. School, one
    90. School, two
    91. Skilled Work, one
    92. Skilled Work, two
    93. Skilled Work, three
    94. Small Business, one
    95. Small Business, two
    96. Sports, Competitive, I
    97. Sports, Competitive, II
    98. Sports, Recreational
    99. Superheros
    100. Superheroes, Marvel
    101. Television
    102. Travel, Tourism, Vacation, 1
    103. Travel, Tourism, Vacation, 2
    104. Turkey
    105. United States, one
    106. United States, two
    107. United States, three
    108. United States, four
    109. United States, five
    110. United States, six
    111. Unskilled Labor
    112. Vendors
    113. Weather and Seasons
    114.  

    115. Pictures, 10
    116. Pictures, 20
    117. Pictures, 30
    118. Pictures, 40
    119. Pictures, 50
    120. Pictures, 60
    121. Pictures, 70
    122. Pictures, 80

 

 

    1. Anatomy, I
    2. Anatomy, II
    3. Body: Head, Face
    4. Body: Face
    5. Body: Torso, Limbs, I
    6. Body: Torso, Limbs, II
    7. Body; Physical Adjectives
    8. City; Buildings, Streets
    9. City; Areas, Districts, Facilities, 1
    10. City; Areas, Districts, Facilities, 2
    11. City; Shops, Restaurants, Clubs
    12. Computer Games, I
    13. Days of the Week
    14. Disasters; Natural, Man-made
    15. Earth
    16. Food
    17. Fruits
    18. Furniture
    19. Geography, Geology
    20. House; Rooms
    21. House; Living Room, Furniture
    22. House; Kitchen, Bathroom
    23. Jobs; in General
    24. Jobs; Unskilled
    25. Jobs; Semi-Skilled, Skilled
    26. Jobs; Business, Offices, Shops
    27. Jobs; Education, Science, Sports
    28. Jobs; Art, Media, Government
    29. Office, The
    30. Transportation I
    31. Transportation, II
    32. Transportation, III
    33. Vegetables
    34. Water, Bodies of
    35. Weather

 

 

 

 

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Vocabulary

 

Vocabulary is the total number of words in a language. It is also the collection of words a person knows and uses in reading, listening, speaking and writing.

The vocabulary of a language continually grows and evolves as the world changes and becomes more complex.

Word Origins

Throughout history, words have entered English from many other languages. These include Greek, Latin, Arabic, Danish, French, German, Hindi, and Nahuatl.

For example, we get (the word) alcohol from Arabic, chocolate from Nauatl, and pajamas from Hindi.

Pancakes

Often base words combine to form new words, such as skyscraper and pancakes. Words have been shorted too, as in the case of fax from facsimile.

Basic, everyday words however have remained largely unchanged over the centuries: woman, man, sun, hand, love, go, and eat.

One Million Words

With about one million words, English has the largest vocabulary of any language. That’s quite a vocabulary to master!

The good news for language learners is that the vast majority of those words are technical, scientific, or arcane — ones that are seldom heard outside their fields.

The Top 1,200

In fact 90% of all communication in English (or indeed in any language) consists of only 1,200 of the most common words. This covers every setting from work and school, to recreation, radio and television.

In other words, if you master the top 1,200 words, you will have laid the foundation of a new language. You can accomplish this in about in about 4 to 8 months, if you learn 5 to 10 new words a day.

The Top 1,200 to 4,000

To understand 95% of English usage, you need to go up to the 4,000 most frequently used words. By doing so, you could then comprehend most newspaper and magazines articles. It would also enable you to conduct business and engage in academic discourse.

The best ways to boost your vocabulary is reading good books, magazines, and newspaper articles. You should always have a good dictionary handy to look up words you aren’t sure of.

See VOCABULARY AND SUCCESS.

* * * * * *

1. The vocabulary of English and other languages remains static, not changing. True or false?
2. Do many words in English have foreign origins? If yes, give examples. How did they get there?
3. Are there words in English from your language? How did they get there?
4. Have you heard of the 80/20 Rule, or the Pareto Principle? How would a variation of this apply here?
5. With this in mind, what should beginning language learners strive to do?

See 80-20 RULE.

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