Things, Objects



    1. Activities, I
    2. Activities, II
    3. Aircraft
    4. Animals, one
    5. Animals, two
    6. Animals, three
    7. Animals, four
    8. Art, I
    9. Art, II
    10. Art, III
    11. Arts and Entertainment, I
    12. Arts and Entertainment, II
    13. Arts and Entertainment, III
    14. Behaviors, one
    15. Behaviors, two
    16. Behaviors, three
    17. Behaviors, four
    18. Body Parts
    19. Buildings, Great, I
    20. Buildings, Great, II
    21. Business, one
    22. Business, two
    23. Business, three
    24. Cars
    25. Cartoons
    26. Celebrations and Festivities, 1
    27. Celebrations and Festivals, 2
    28. Celebrities and Famous People
    29. Chinese Culture, 1
    30. Chinese Culture, 2
    31. Clothing
    32. Comics
    33. Companies, Large, one
    34. Companies, Large, two
    35. Companies, Large, 3
    36. Companies, Large, 4
    37. Companies, Mid-Sized, 1
    38. Companies, Mid-Sized, 2
    39. Companies, Office, one
    40. Companies, Office, two
    41. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 1
    42. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 2
    43. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 3
    44. Daily Routines, one
    45. Daily Routines, two
    46. Emotions
    47. Food, one
    48. Food, two
    49. Food Supply
    50. Games
    51. Geographical Features
    52. Great Britain, one
    53. Great Britain, two
    54. Hobbies, one
    55. Hobbies, two
    56. Houses in General
    57. Houses, Interior of, one
    58. Houses, Interior of, two
    59. Houses, Traditional, Folk
    60. Life Stages, I
    61. Life Stages, II
    62. Mexico
    63. Monuments and Landmarks
    64. Pastimes
    65. Professional Jobs, I
    66. Professional Jobs, II
    67. School, one
    68. School, two
    69. Skilled Work, one
    70. Skilled Work, two
    71. Skilled Work, three
    72. Small Business, one
    73. Small Business, two
    74. Sports, Competitive, I
    75. Sports, Competitive, II
    76. Sports, Recreational
    77. Superheros
    78. Television
    79. Travel, Tourism, Vacation, 1
    80. Travel, Tourism, Vacation, 2
    81. United States, one
    82. United States, two
    83. United States, three
    84. United States, four
    85. United States, five
    86. United States, six
    87. Unskilled Labor
    88. Vendors
    89. Weather and Seasons



    1. Anatomy, I
    2. Anatomy, II
    3. Body: Head, Face
    4. Body: Face
    5. Body: Torso, Limbs, I
    6. Body: Torso, Limbs, II
    7. Body; Physical Adjectives
    8. City; Buildings, Streets
    9. City; Areas, Districts, Facilities, 1
    10. City; Areas, Districts, Facilities, 2
    11. City; Shops, Restaurants, Clubs
    12. Computer Games, I
    13. Days of the Week
    14. Disasters; Natural, Man-made
    15. Earth
    16. Food
    17. Fruits
    18. Furniture
    19. Geography, Geology
    20. House; Rooms
    21. House; Living Room, Furniture
    22. House; Kitchen, Bathroom
    23. Jobs; in General
    24. Jobs; Unskilled
    25. Jobs; Semi-Skilled, Skilled
    26. Jobs; Business, Offices, Shops
    27. Jobs; Education, Science, Sports
    28. Jobs; Art, Media, Government
    29. Office, The
    30. Transportation I
    31. Transportation, II
    32. Transportation, III
    33. Vegetables
    34. Water, Bodies of
    35. Weather





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Vocabulary is the total number of words in a language. It is also the collection of words a person knows and uses in reading, listening, speaking and writing.

The vocabulary of a language continually grows and evolves as the world changes and becomes more complex.

Word Origins

Throughout history, words have entered English from many other languages. These include Greek, Latin, Arabic, Danish, French, German, Hindi, and Nahuatl.

For example, we get (the word) alcohol from Arabic, chocolate from Nauatl, and pajamas from Hindi.


Often base words combine to form new words, such as skyscraper and pancakes. Words have been shorted too, as in the case of fax from facsimile.

Basic, everyday words however have remained largely unchanged over the centuries: woman, man, sun, hand, love, go, and eat.

One Million Words

With about one million words, English has the largest vocabulary of any language. That’s quite a vocabulary to master!

The good news for language learners is that the vast majority of those words are technical, scientific, or arcane — ones that are seldom heard outside their fields.

The Top 1,200

In fact 90% of all communication in English (or indeed in any language) consists of only 1,200 of the most common words. This covers every setting from work and school, to recreation, radio and television.

In other words, if you master the top 1,200 words, you will have laid the foundation of a new language. You can accomplish this in about in about 4 to 8 months, if you learn 5 to 10 new words a day.

The Top 1,200 to 4,000

To understand 95% of English usage, you need to go up to the 4,000 most frequently used words. By doing so, you could then comprehend most newspaper and magazines articles. It would also enable you to conduct business and engage in academic discourse.

The best ways to boost your vocabulary is reading good books, magazines, and newspaper articles. You should always have a good dictionary handy to look up words you aren’t sure of.


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1. The vocabulary of English and other languages remains static, not changing. True or false?
2. Do many words in English have foreign origins? If yes, give examples. How did they get there?
3. Are there words in English from your language? How did they get there?
4. Have you heard of the 80/20 Rule, or the Pareto Principle? How would a variation of this apply here?
5. With this in mind, what should beginning language learners strive to do?

See 80-20 RULE.

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