Vocabulary

Things, Objects

 
 
 
 

Pictures

    1. Activities, I
    2. Activities, II
    3. Advertisements
    4. Aircraft
    5. Animals, one
    6. Animals, two
    7. Animals, three
    8. Animals, four
    9. Art, I
    10. Art, II
    11. Art, III
    12. Arts and Entertainment, I
    13. Arts and Entertainment, II
    14. Arts and Entertainment, III
    15. Behaviors, one
    16. Behaviors, two
    17. Behaviors, three
    18. Behaviors, four
    19. Body Parts, one
    20. Body Parts, two
    21. Buildings, Great, I
    22. Buildings, Great, II
    23. Buildings, Great, III
    24. Buildings, Great, IV
    25. Buildings, Great V
    26. Business, one
    27. Business, two
    28. Business, three
    29. Cars
    30. Cartoons
    31. Celebrations and Festivities, 1
    32. Celebrations and Festivals, 2
    33. Celebrities and Famous People
    34. Christmas Celebrations, 1
    35. Christmas Celebrations, 2
    36. Chinese Culture, 1
    37. Chinese Culture, 2
    38. Clothing
    39. Comics
    40. Companies, Large, one
    41. Companies, Large, two
    42. Companies, Large, 3
    43. Companies, Large, 4
    44. Companies, Mid-Sized, 1
    45. Companies, Mid-Sized, 2
    46. Companies, Office, one
    47. Companies, Office, two
    48. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 1
    49. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 2
    50. Costumes, Traditional Folk, 3
    51. Daily Routines, one
    52. Daily Routines, two
    53. Dishes, Lunch and Dinner, 1
    54. Emotions
    55. Fairytales
    56. Folk Tales
    57. Food, Breakfast
    58. Food, Shopping
    59. Food, Preparation
    60. Food Condiments
    61. Food Supply
    62. Food, Dishes
    63. Fruits, one
    64. Fruits, two
    65. Furniture, Household
    66. Games
    67. Geographical Features
    68. Great Britain, one
    69. Great Britain, two
    70. Hobbies, one
    71. Hobbies, two
    72. Household Appliances, Items
    73. Houses in General
    74. Houses, Interior of, one
    75. Houses, Interior of, two
    76. Houses, Interior of, three
    77. Houses, Traditional, Folk
    78. Life Stages, I
    79. Life Stages, II
    80. Mexico
    81. Middle-Eastern Culture, 1
    82. Middle-Eastern Culture, 2
    83. Monuments and Landmarks
    84. Music and Singing
    85. Pastimes
    86. Professional Jobs, I
    87. Professional Jobs, II
    88. School, one
    89. School, two
    90. Skilled Work, one
    91. Skilled Work, two
    92. Skilled Work, three
    93. Small Business, one
    94. Small Business, two
    95. Sports, Competitive, I
    96. Sports, Competitive, II
    97. Sports, Recreational
    98. Superheros
    99. Superheroes, Marvel
    100. Television
    101. Travel, Tourism, Vacation, 1
    102. Travel, Tourism, Vacation, 2
    103. Turkey
    104. United States, one
    105. United States, two
    106. United States, three
    107. United States, four
    108. United States, five
    109. United States, six
    110. Unskilled Labor
    111. Vendors
    112. Weather and Seasons

 

 

    1. Anatomy, I
    2. Anatomy, II
    3. Body: Head, Face
    4. Body: Face
    5. Body: Torso, Limbs, I
    6. Body: Torso, Limbs, II
    7. Body; Physical Adjectives
    8. City; Buildings, Streets
    9. City; Areas, Districts, Facilities, 1
    10. City; Areas, Districts, Facilities, 2
    11. City; Shops, Restaurants, Clubs
    12. Computer Games, I
    13. Days of the Week
    14. Disasters; Natural, Man-made
    15. Earth
    16. Food
    17. Fruits
    18. Furniture
    19. Geography, Geology
    20. House; Rooms
    21. House; Living Room, Furniture
    22. House; Kitchen, Bathroom
    23. Jobs; in General
    24. Jobs; Unskilled
    25. Jobs; Semi-Skilled, Skilled
    26. Jobs; Business, Offices, Shops
    27. Jobs; Education, Science, Sports
    28. Jobs; Art, Media, Government
    29. Office, The
    30. Transportation I
    31. Transportation, II
    32. Transportation, III
    33. Vegetables
    34. Water, Bodies of
    35. Weather

 

 

 

 

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Vocabulary

 

Vocabulary is the total number of words in a language. It is also the collection of words a person knows and uses in reading, listening, speaking and writing.

The vocabulary of a language continually grows and evolves as the world changes and becomes more complex.

Word Origins

Throughout history, words have entered English from many other languages. These include Greek, Latin, Arabic, Danish, French, German, Hindi, and Nahuatl.

For example, we get (the word) alcohol from Arabic, chocolate from Nauatl, and pajamas from Hindi.

Pancakes

Often base words combine to form new words, such as skyscraper and pancakes. Words have been shorted too, as in the case of fax from facsimile.

Basic, everyday words however have remained largely unchanged over the centuries: woman, man, sun, hand, love, go, and eat.

One Million Words

With about one million words, English has the largest vocabulary of any language. That’s quite a vocabulary to master!

The good news for language learners is that the vast majority of those words are technical, scientific, or arcane — ones that are seldom heard outside their fields.

The Top 1,200

In fact 90% of all communication in English (or indeed in any language) consists of only 1,200 of the most common words. This covers every setting from work and school, to recreation, radio and television.

In other words, if you master the top 1,200 words, you will have laid the foundation of a new language. You can accomplish this in about in about 4 to 8 months, if you learn 5 to 10 new words a day.

The Top 1,200 to 4,000

To understand 95% of English usage, you need to go up to the 4,000 most frequently used words. By doing so, you could then comprehend most newspaper and magazines articles. It would also enable you to conduct business and engage in academic discourse.

The best ways to boost your vocabulary is reading good books, magazines, and newspaper articles. You should always have a good dictionary handy to look up words you aren’t sure of.

See VOCABULARY AND SUCCESS.

* * * * * *

1. The vocabulary of English and other languages remains static, not changing. True or false?
2. Do many words in English have foreign origins? If yes, give examples. How did they get there?
3. Are there words in English from your language? How did they get there?
4. Have you heard of the 80/20 Rule, or the Pareto Principle? How would a variation of this apply here?
5. With this in mind, what should beginning language learners strive to do?

See 80-20 RULE.

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