The Great Wall of China




great symbol recognize
wall protect complicated
dirt connect build/built/built
stone material mean/meant/meant
brick pack (2) fortification
gravel invasion early/earlier/earliest
board state (3) maintain
spear emperor individual
sword order (3) divide (2)
empire destroy course (2)
piece remain fortification
peace rule (2) wear/wore/worn (2)
attack section know/knew/known
length state (2) build/built/built
board dynasty early/earlier/earliest (2)
gravel pack (2) wear down
leader earth (2) begin/began/begun
tower version watchtower
add (2) garrison watch (2)
stone height construction
mile expand humanity
thick territory make/made/made
tall foot/feet long/longer/longest
battle space (2) hear/heard/heard
orbit partially see/saw/seen
site (2) heritage structure
enjoy stretch take care of
piece damage disappear
repair stud (2) fall down
local popular fall/fell/fallen








One of the most recognizable symbols of China, the Great Wall of China has a long and complicated history.

It is not just one wall, but many different walls and fortifications that were built over the course of thousands of years. \

The walls built at different times were often built with different materials, everything from packed dirt or wood to stone and brick.

These walls were meant to protect China from invasion.


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The earliest walls were built more than two thousand years ago when individual states built walls of packed earth and gravel between boards to protect their territories from attackers with swords and spears.

Hundreds of years later in 221 BC, the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang, ordered that walls that divided his empire should be destroyed and a new wall connecting the remaining pieces should be built, creating fortifications that protected the empire from northern attackers.

No one knows exactly how long that wall was or where it was built, as most of it has worn down or been destroyed. Over the next thousand years, different ruling dynasties repaired, rebuilt, or expanded sections of the wall.

The leaders of the Ming dynasty, which began in 1368, constructed the most famous version of the Great Wall. They began by building watchtowers and garrisons, later adding walls of stone and earth.

New construction on the wall ended in 1644. At its height the Great Wall stretched more than 13,000 miles or about 22,000 kilometers in total length, making it the longest structure ever built by humans.

In some places the walls were 30 feet or 9 meters thick, and 25 feet or 7.5 meters tall, and it was studded with as many as 25,000 watchtowers.

You may have heard that the Great Wall is so big that it can be seen from space, but that is only partially true. It cannot be seen at all from the moon, but from a much closer orbit it could be seen by someone who knew exactly where to look and what it would look like.


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Today the Great Wall of China is a World Heritage site, protected and maintained for all of humanity to enjoy.

Only some pieces of the wall are taken care of, however, as it is simply too big and too damaged by time and old battles to repair and take care of it all. In fact, nearly 1/3 of the wall has completely disappeared, fallen down and even the stones taken away by local people to use in building.

Still, the Great Wall is the most popular place for tourists to visit in China, attracting millions of people each year. I hope you enjoyed learning about the Great Wall of China today. Goodbye till next time!



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The Great Wall of China. The Great Wall of China is a single, continuous wall. True or false?

Pyramids of Egypt. Was the Great Wall originally built with bricks in the 1600s by a single emperor?

Pyramid of the Sun. The Great Wall was built for aesthetic purposes. Is this right or wrong?

Tikal, Temple of Kukulcan. Is the Great Wall a total of 365 kilometers long?

Stone Spheres of Costa Rica. Can the Great Wall be seen from the Moon?

Stonehenge. is the Great Wall in the same condition for its entire length? Is the entire Great Wall well maintained?

Machu Picchu. The Great Wall still used for military purposes. Is this correct or incorrect?

Angkor Wat. I have visited the Great Wall of China. Yes or no? Have your friends visited the Great Wall? If yes, what was it like?

Nazca Lines. Are there great buildings, monuments or structures in your city, region or country? Who built them?

Sacsayhuaman. Have you or your friends visited any great buildings, monuments or structure?

Baalbak Stones. What might happen in the future?

Coral Castle. Should people, governments or others build or restore great buildings, monuments or structures? Are they worth it?

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