Stonehenge, one




antler heart (3) stand/stood/stood (2)
sunset massive incredible
stone ancient old/older/oldest
piece sunrise know/knew/known
basket purpose write/wrote/written
spread ox/oxen spread across
burial calendar think/thought/thought (2)
set (3) worship build/built/built
replace ceremony earthwork
Earth deep (3) dig/dug/dug
ditch version some kind of
tool wooden line up with
in turn period (3) bring/brought/brought
tall (2) average large/larger/largest
weigh transport small/smaller/smallest
mile millennia archaeologist
baffle trunk (2) hide/hid/hidden
so far precision believe (2)
wheel structure piece together
roll solstice long/longer/longest
pull mystify short/shorter/shortest
drag original World Heritage Site
site protect construction
boat religious phenomena
mark wonder rise/rose/risen






Deep in the heart of England, by the side of a road, stands a massive stone monument that has mystified visitors for millennia. It is called Stonehenge, and it is an ancient stone circle, older than the pyramids of Giza.

What little is known about its history has been pieced together by archaeologists, because it is so old that there is no written record of its construction, or of its original purpose.

Stonehenge is probably between 4,000 and 5,000 years old, and its construction was spread across hundreds or even thousands of years.

It was used, among other things, as a place of burial. Some think it may also have been used as a calendar, or as a place to study the movements of the stars and worship the Sun and Moon.

Although we may never know exactly why Stonehenge was built, most believe it was used for religious ceremonies.

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The earliest versions of Stonehenge were made of earthworks and ditches dug with tools made of antlers. This was eventually replaced by some kind of wooden structure, which was replaced in turn by circles of massive standing stones.

The stones at Stonehenge were brought there over a period of several hundred years. The largest stones, called sarsens, measure up to 30 feet or 9 meters tall and weigh an average of 25 tons. These stones were probably transported 20 miles or 32 kilometers to Stonehenge.

Some of the smaller stones, called bluestones, are believed to have been brought from Wales, more than 140 miles or 225 kilometers away. Although they are smaller than the massive sarsens, the bluestones still weigh an average of four tons each, and archaeologists are baffled as to how they were transported so far without modern technology — or even the wheel!

Some people think the stones were rolled on tree trunks, or dragged in huge baskets pulled by oxen. Others believe they were moved by boat, with the help of the nearby river Avon. However the stones were moved, they were placed with incredible precision.

Certain stones in the ancient circle line up with the midsummer sunrise and the winter solstice sunset, marking the longest and shortest days of the year.

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Today Stonehenge is a carefully protected World Heritage Site visited by about a million people each year, and many people still visit Stonehenge at midsummer and midwinter to view the ancient phenomena that marks the rising and the setting of the sun, and wonder at the mysteries Stonehenge still hides.

I hope you enjoyed learning about Stonehenge today. Goodbye till next time!

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Bigfoot, Sasquach, Yeti. The Stonehenge is located in the center of London. True or false?

Bermuda Triangle. Was Stonehenge constructed in 2001? Did it take ten months to build?

Lochness Monster. Historians know everything about Stonehenge because there are many videos, news reports and news articles about it’s construction, workers, plans, design, etc. Is this right or wrong?

Unidentified Flying Object (UFO). Did the stones of Stonehenge come from the local area? Are the structures make of smaller stones? Are the stones small, medium-sized, big or very large?

Stonehenge. Were the stones transported by trucks, ships and cranes?

Pyramids of Giza, Pyramid of the Sun.
Are the stones randomly placed or were they aligned with the sun, moon and stars?

Noah’s Ark. Stonehenge is a secret. Only a few scientists know about Stonehenge. Is this correct or incorrect?
Machu Picchu. Who do you you think constructed Stonehenge? How did they build Stonehenge? Why did they construct Stonehenge?

Easter Islands, Rapanui, Moai. Are there ancient mysteries in your country? Have you visited the pyramids, Stonehenge, Easter Island or other places with mysterious monuments?

Nazca Lines. Would you like to visit these enigmatic places? What places would you like to visit?

Sacsahuaman. What might happen in the future? Will people ever solve the mystery of these enigmas?

Stone Spheres of Costa Rica. What could or should scholars, governments, universities and people do?

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