plurals ves

Irregular Plurals

Singular and Plural Nouns

In terms of quantity, nouns take on singular or plural forms. Singular nouns indicate one person or thing. Plural nouns refer to two or more persons or items.

The plurals of English nouns are further divided in regular and irregular forms.


Regular Plural Nouns

Regular plurals are formed by affixing the suffix –s, –es, or –ies to their singular forms. Most nouns have regular plural forms.

Regular plural noun = (singular noun)-s/-es/-ies.


Singular Plural
cow cows
star stars
tornado tornados
chief chiefs
truck trucks
lash lashes
dish dishes
tomato tomatoes
cherry cherries


Irregular Plural Nouns

Irregular plurals do not adhere to the “s-rule” above. Instead they follow a miscellany of patterns.

-f or -fe to -ves

About a dozen nouns that end in -f or –fe, change to -ves in the plural:


Singular Plural
half halves
wife wives
wolf wolves
thief thieves
calf calves
elf elves
knife knives
loaf loaves
life lives
hoof hooves

The Same

Some nouns have the same form in both the singular and the plural.

• barracks
• deer
• sheep
• moose

Respond to the following

1. Where does Santa Claus get all the presents he gives to good boys and girls?
2. What does a shepherd do?
3. What can you say about cats?






Answer the following Questions

Or respond to the statements. Say if they are true, not true/false, yes, no, yes and no, sometimes, maybe, it depends, in the middle, possibly, I agree, I disagree. Say why and give examples.

1. Most teachers, nurses, store clerks (shop keepers) are women, and most construction workers, mechanics and truck drivers are men.

2. What sort of hobbies or pastimes do men have? What are some popular hobbies or pastimes for women?

3. Wolves have a very effective hunting strategy. What is it? Can you describe it?

4. Do fairy tales often feature wolves? Are wolves often part of fairy tales?

5. Are there (many) thieves in your area? Are there many thieves online? What do they steal? How should thieves be dealt with?

6. Should military barracks be converted into homeless shelters, dormitories and temporary, emergency housing? Should these shelters be modeled after military barracks?

7. Some people are like sheep: they simply follow the herd wherever it goes. Do you know anyone who is like a sheep? I know people who are like shepherds. Yes or no?

8. Is bread the staple food of your country? Is it made and sold by the the loaves? How is bread consumed? Do you produce leavened (yeast) bread or unleavened (flat) bread?

9. Which are safer: sharp knives or dull knives? Describe a Swiss Army knife. Is it necessary for kitchen knives to be pointed?

10. Paul’s friends call him “Moose”. Paul’s nickname is “Moose”. Why do people call him Moose?

11. Describe some persons who had or have had very interesting lives.

12. Is it better for people to use the right side of their brain (the creative, artistic half), the left side (the logical, mathematical part), or both halves?

13. In some societies, men are permitted to several wives (polygyny). Do you think this good, bad, both good and bad, neither, in between or it depends?

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