Automation in Farming




willing lifetime turn away (2)
price employee as many people as
labor price tag unemployed
exist field (2) realization
lack used to mechanize
push shortage find/found/found
scarce decision according to
adapt survival leave behind (2)
invest keep up in order to
zone remove automation
pull force (3) leaf/leaves
cost replace know/knew/known
effort honest agriculture
utilize develop enforcement
sensor complex combination
rush attempt meet/met/met (2)
globe replace build/built/built
GPS additional position (2)
tractor harvest good/better/best
key (2) make sure drive/drove/driven (2)
spray plant (3) generation
built in hurdle (2) consistently
precise massive get over (2)
reduce pick (3) come/came/come
tag employ abundance
unit exciting operator (2)
peace ground get across (2)
piece compute timely manner
drastic scale (2) at the end of the day (2)






Brad Goehring, Farmer: “Things have changed so much in my lifetime with farming; we used to turn away as many people as we employed because they were simply an abundance of labour that doesn’t exist anymore.

I am starting to come to the realization that were in for lack of labor for a long time, which is forcing our hand to mechanize.”

American farming has a big problem: it’s hard to find people willing to work in the fields. According to the California Farm Bureau Federation, 69% of California farmers have reported a shortage in seasonal labor. Brad Goering is one of the 69%.

Brad Goehring, Farmer: “Our family’s been farming; we’re in our fifth generation now and we’ve been farming wine grapes for over a hundred years.

Labor was just very abundant — and now it’s very scarce. Our labor needs are going up now. We’re short at certain times a year — up to 50%.

I want to stay in farm and want my kids to stay in farming. But if I don’t adapt right now, I’m afraid we’re gonna get left behind; it’s survival.”

In order to keep up production Goehring, like many other farmers, has had to invest in automation.

Brad Goehring, Farmer: “The way we used to do this is the workers would get in here by hand and and do this all manually, removing the the leaves from the fruit zone.”

This leaf puller costs around $30,000 and can replace 30 people.

Brad Goehring, Farmer: “We really do know, having made some honest efforts to employ anybody, is that Americans simply don’t want to do agricultural labor.”

The source of the labor shortage is complex: it’s a combination of immigration enforcement, a stronger Mexican economy and American disinterest in farm work. As a result nearly two-thirds of California farmers reported either utilizing or attempting to utilize mechanization in their production.

All of this while farm equipment gets smarter and more high-tech, as companies rush to develop more complex machinery to meet farmers needs.

DeAnna Kovar, Director of Production and Precision Ag Marketing, John Deere: “The equipment that we’re using has much more technology built in, from sensors to global positioning systems to additional automation that helps the farmer do a better job at what they’re doing every day.

We’re using GPS technology and systems on the tractor to help that operator drive consistently to make sure that they’re always planting, spraying or operating where they need to be.

Farmers make decisions every season every day in every hour. And making sure that any system in the future can replace those decisions and do as good or a better job than the farmer is a key hurdle for us to get over in agriculture before we ever find ourselves in a fully autonomous system.”

The future of farming is not without its costs: this massive grape harvester drastically reduces Garen’s labor needs — but it came with a $350,000 price tag.

Brad Goehring, Farmer: “Each unit replaces 36 people for a period of six weeks, so that’s fourteen thousand four hundred (14,400) people replaced in just two years . . . pretty exciting.

I can expect faster more precise machinery in the in the future that can compute in a in time enough to where we can get across our ground with these new pieces of equipment in a timely matter to meet the vines, needs.

We’re picking more grapes in less amount of time.

We have to be able to compete on a global scale at the end of the day. We have to be able to do this just to survive.

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Tractor. Americans love to work outdoors, in sunshine, with fresh air, and with fresh fruits and vegetables. True or false?

Plow. Has farming remained exactly the same over the decades? What is the biggest difference, according to Brad Goehring the farmer?

Fertilize. Is the demand or need or farm work constant, or does it vary throughout the year?

Seeds. Brad has been involved in farming since he graduated from university with a degree in agronomy and horticulture. Is this right or wrong?

Sow, Plant. Does he receive thousands of resumes and job applications? Is there a glut of farm laborers? Why is there a shortage of farm workers?

Germinate, Sprout. How has Brad and other farmers responded to the labor shortage in agriculture?

Weather Patterns. Farm equipment remained the same for decades. Is this correct or incorrect? How are they different? Describe some of the innovations.

Water, Irrigate. Are the solutions cheap? What have been the results? Are farmers pleased with the results?
Spray, Insecticide, Pesticide, Herbicide. What crops does you region or country cultivate? What agricultural products are exported and imported?

Ripe. Has agriculture changed over the decades? How have things changed?

Pick, Harvest. Who works in agriculture? Has this pattern been changing?

Load. What might happen in the future?

Truck, Transport. Should people and governments do anything? What could or should they do?

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