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Art, philosophy, democracy, and heroes. These are just a few achievements of the legendary civilization known as ancient Greece.

Ancient Greece was born on the shores of the Aegean Sea about 4,000 years ago. In over a millennium, it expanded to lands as far west as Spain and as far east as India.

Throughout this age of empire, the ancient Greeks made political, militaristic, and cultural achievements that resonated long after their empire fell.

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Part of the ancient Greeks’ legacy involved politics, one of which was the political system of Greece itself.

Unlike many nations that were under unified rule, Greece was a collection of over 1,500 territories that acted as sovereign nations. Called city-states, these territories had their own rulers and sometimes fought each other.

Another political development was the institution of the first large-scale democracy. Developed in the city-state of Athens, democratic rule was a way to give the Greek people representation and political power.

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The Greeks also earned a strong reputation for their military. The military helped expand the Greek Empire by establishing colonies overseas, and it protected Greece itself from foreign invaders like the Persian Empire.

When such a threat occurred, city-states united to defend their homeland. Many Greeks, particularly in Sparta, took immense pride in their military and regarded their soldiers as heroes.

Their heroism was often turned into legend thanks to literary works like “The Iliad.”

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War heroes also inspired the creation of the Olympics, which celebrated physical competition.

Of all aspects of ancient Greek civilization, their cultural contributions left a considerable mark on the western world. Particularly noteworthy were the ancient Greeks’ art and architecture.

They created incredible sculptural works, such as standing figures and reliefs. Plus, they developed three types of columns and incorporated them to structures like the Parthenon.

This artistry was imitated by other civilizations and spread throughout the globe for thousands of years.

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How the Greeks interpreted the world was also reflected in other cultures. Greek religion, which was comprised of many anthropomorphic deities, helped shape the spiritual beliefs of the Etruscans and, later, the ancient Romans.

Greek philosophy, which explored matters of reason, ethics, and natural law influenced later civilizations’ achievements and politics and science.

Greek language made quite an impact as well. Ancient Greek, at about 3,400 years old, provided the basis of many modern languages. The English language alone has thousands of words with Greek roots.

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Ancient Greece’s artistry, regard for heroes, and democratic rule left a considerable impression on world history. With contributions that lasted for millennia, the civilization of ancient Greece is nothing short of legendary.

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Mesopotamia, Assyria, Babylon.
The only major achievement of Ancient Greece was the development of democracy. True or false?

Hittite, Phrigia, Lydia, Lycia. The Greek (Hellenic, Hellenistic) world was confined to present-day Greece, Sicily and Western Anatolia (today’s Turkey). Is this right or wrong?

Ancient Egypt. After the fall of Ancient Greece, was its civilization, art, ideas and values, philosophy completely forgotten?

Minoan Civilization. Was Hellenic Greece unified as a single state, as it is today?

Ancient Greece. Were the Greek city-states governed by a monarch (king, emperor)? Describe the political system or government of Hellenic Greece.

Athens, Thebes, Sparta. Ancient Greeks were pacifists, and only concerned with art, drama, theater, poetry, philosophy, science and politics. Is this correct or incorrect? Did they “glorify” war?

Mohenjodaro, Harrapan, Indus Valley. In athletics, was the Greek’s greatest contribution Greco-Roman wrestling, the discus throw and marathon race?

Hwang He River, Xia Dynasty. Have Greek buildings influenced modern-day architecture? Are Greek paintings popular today?

Elam, Persia. The Ancient Greek language is dead and completely forgotten. Yes or no?
Roman Republic. We have to (had to) study Ancient Greek history and literature at school. What did they teach? How was it taught? Is Classical history and civilization interesting, boring, both, in the middle?

Roman Empire. There is lot of Greek influence in my city and country. True or false? Are there any Greek restaurants or ethnic-Greeks in your city?

Byzantine Empire. My friends and I have visited Greece and Cyprus.

Omlecs, Mayas, Aztecs. Is Ancient Greece the same as modern-day Greece? What are some differences?

Incas. What might happen in the future?

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